Nostimo is situated on the south-west of the region of Kastoria, in a distance
of 15krn from Argos Orestikon and on an altitude of 900 meters almost.Its soil presents mainly the Fossilised
Forest, 20 million years old, with tropical and subtropical plants, according to the first findings of
the professor of Palaeontology-Palaeobotanology of Athens University, Mr Velitzelos, who undertook its
The main features of the Fossilised Forest are the perfect fossilisation of the tree
trunks and the uniqueness of thefindings.The palms possess an outstanding position as they are the only
ones found in continental Greece, a fact that attributes a special importance to the historical evolution
of the plants and the climate of the past, not only in the Greek territory but also on an international
level.All around the village exist also rare sea fossils, such as starfishes, mussels, cockles, snails,
shark tooth, etc.
There have also been found some animal fossils with special scientific importance,
that reverse the hitherto historical data. The fossilised tooth of a huge prehistoric herbivorous animal
is very impressive.Until the termination of the researches and the studies, the visitors may seethefindings
of the forests in the Primary School of Nostimo, where there is a temporary exhibition room. This room
is open everyday and two young persons from the village offer you a conducted tour. For more information,
please call: 0467/845E~8,84566,84572,84591
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The wider geographic area is identified with the are of ancient Orestida, where
the Orestes -"Macednoi", as Hirodotus calls them- lived. Form there the Macedonian Kings started
uniting the other states to form the great Macedonian State. During the Roman Empire period the region
was dominated by the Romans in 197 BC, who allow the formation of a particular local independence.
ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT WORKS OF ART IN MACEDONIA
In Pentavriso, in the summer of 1999, came to light a very important sculpture ever
found in Kastoria. It is the most ancient tomb anaglyph of the Upper Macedonia and one of the best classical
works ever discovered in the entire Macedonia. This part of the tomb monument represents the calm and
sad face of a woman who lived and died here 24 centuries ago (one generation before Philippos 2nd). At
that time, Orestida was an independent kingdom that already participated actively in the political things
This work of art, though, proves that Orestida was actively participating in civilisation
and aesthetics of the central Greece, as its style reveals that of Vioitia, Attica in the post- Parthenon
The presence of such an excellent work of art, together with the recent discoveries
of more classical antiquities in the surrounding area (epitaph writings, helmets, ancient pottery workshop)
lead with certainty to the conclusion that we have to do with a unique ancient urban centre and that the
history of the area has to be rewritten.
Also important archeological foundings have been discovered in Psalida of Kastoria,
in Nestorio and remains of ancient Dioklitianoupoli of Argos Orestiko.
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395 AC, when the Roman Empire was divided, the region was a part of the East Roman State, which was developed
in the Greek Byzantine.
The natural beauty of the region attracted the Byzantine emperors, while the strategic
position of the region constituted the base of operations against the attempts of Bulgarians, who appeared
after the 10 century AC, to expand.
The region was occupied from time to time by the Bulgarians, the Petsenegoi, the Norman,
the crusaders, the Serbs, and for a very little period the Albanians, and finally, in 1385, the Turks.
The region of Kastoria
constituted the centre of preparation and action of the armed liberating Macedonian War
In that region the resistance against the Bulgarians is organised and important historic
personalities appear, such as Pavlos Melas, Germanos Karavagelis and Ion Dragournis, who, with their robust
attitude, led the War to the liberation of the region in 11 November 1912.
During the Balkan Wars (1912-13), the World War 1 (1914-18) and the World
War 11 (1940-45) the contribution of the region's people to the war against the Italian, the Slavs and
the German conquerors. During the civil war (1946-49)- this black page of the Greek history- the area
of Kastoria constituted the theatre of progress of the armed bloodshed and the affective social consequences
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